Renowned wines were produced in Ancient Halkidiki. Writings from the 5th century BC mention the white “afstiro” (dry) and the “malthako” (semi-sweet) wine of Mendi (a town southeast of Kassandra). Today there are vineyards in central and mountainous Halkidiki, at Sithonia and Mount Athos. On the sun-drenched slopes of Mt Meliton, the warm, dry climate and the humidity of the Aegean Sea create a beneficial environment for winemaking. The grape varieties cultivated to produce the white Regional Wines of Halkidiki are Roditis and Sauvignon Blanc. The red Regional Wine of Halkidiki is produced from the Xinomavro, Grenache Rouge and Cabernet Sauvignon varieties.